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First, it came for eyeglasses. And then it came for makeup. It came for mattresses, and razors and erectile dysfunction pills. And now, finally, the Great Disruption has come for your cookware. Up until a few years ago, consumers faced a dizzying array of pots and pans on trips to department stores or online: But with the emergence of several direct-to-consumer kitchenware companies, buyers can now eschew choice for curated, pared-down sets — just the essentials.

Chinese Porcelain Marks

The company used this early marking prior to , sometimes in combination with the Sidney name. This indicates that the piece is an authentic Wagner. Wagner made molded cast iron with a polished exterior and interior, and the best production was from to If the Wagner Ware logo is in the center of the bottom then it was made approximately If the is no heat ring and a stylized Wagner Ware logo then it was made between and

Welcome to the Pots and Pots website. This site is dedicated to West German ceramics from the s through to the s. West German Pottery is a brand new field in collecting; recent years has seen the scale and profile of the so-called ‘Fat Lava’ rise considerably, but still relatively little is known about this area of collectable ceramics.

I have seen four A stamps on Natural finished bodies, and a trans-red with an A stamp. I’ve seen a C on a Monaco Yellow and a Sunburst. I have also seen a D, along with an A on a Sunburst body. This is just a theory, but if only A’s were put on Natural finished guitars as an example, it could help determine if a guitar is refinished. The number will have an ‘S’ prefix possibly an ‘E’, read below followed by a six digit number. The first digit is supposed to reflect the year of manufacture, but there are major overlaps in this regard, and the serial number should not be used to ID a guitar’s exact year of manufacture.

The last five digits are basically random. An important thing to look for are the matching serial number stickers in the neck pocket and on the pickguard. All bodies are Ash, and usually a heavy piece. Most Natural and Sunburts finished guitars seem to be three-piece bodies, painted ones may be more. Necks are Maple, and are constructed from one complete piece if they have a Maple fingerboard. The trussrod was inserted through the back of the neck and the channel filled with the Walnut “skunk stripe”.

Doulton Marks

Those were definitely a lot of fun. The ending to Iron Man was the best ending I have ever seen in a superhero movie. I enjoyed it so much that I went and purchased the sequel.

A vacuum coffee maker brews coffee using two chambers where vapor pressure and vacuum produce type of coffee maker is also known as vac pot, siphon or syphon coffee maker, and was invented by Loeff of Berlin in the s. These devices have since been used for more than a century in many parts of the world. Design and composition of the vacuum coffee maker varies.

Return to the Main Index. Sometimes there just isn’t enough information on electric instruments and amps to allow them to be properely dated. And many people ask me to try and determine the year of their old amplifier, or to help them with the year of their older off-brand electric guitar. Since I primarily collect amps by Fender, and guitars by Gibson, Fender, Martin, National, Epiphone, Gretsch and Rickenbacker, I really can’t help them with these other less popular brands.

As you have probably noticed, there is plenty of information here to help date the brands that I am interested in. But where does that leave everyone else?

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Next Step Paint terra cotta pots white and set aside to dry. Measure the rim of the terra cotta pot, then cut scrapbook paper strips in that width. Use a paintbrush to add Mod Podge or watered down white glue to the rim, then press the paper onto the rim. You will have to hold the paper in place for a minute until the glue grabs. Set aside to dry.

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Workings[ edit ] Vacuum pot coffee brewer: During brewing, a small amount of water and sufficient water vapor remain in the lower vessel and are kept hot enough so the pressure will support the column of water in the siphon. When enough time has elapsed that the coffee has finished brewing, the heat is removed and the pressure in the bottom vessel drops, so the force of gravity acting on the water and atmospheric pressure pressing on the liquid in the upper vessel push the water down into the lower vessel, through a strainer and away from the grounds, ending brewing.

The coffee can then be decanted from the lower chamber; the device must usually be taken apart to pour out the coffee. The iconic Moka pot coffee maker functions on the same principle but the water is forced up from the bottom chamber through a third middle chamber containing the coffee grounds to the top chamber which has an air gap to prevent the brewed coffee from returning downwards.

The prepared coffee is then poured off from the top. Siphon Note that siphons work by pushing the water is under pressure — see hydrostatic pressure , not under tension , and it is the changing vapor pressure in the lower vessel, combined with the constant atmospheric pressure in the upper vessel that drive the siphon. When the water cools the pressure in the lower vessel drops as steam condenses into dense water, taking up less volume and hence dropping the pressure.

This creates a partial vacuum, causing the atmospheric pressure outside the container along with gravity to force the liquid back into the lower vessel. Balance siphon[ edit ] An early variation of this principle is called a balance siphon.

Fermented beverages of pre- and proto-historic China

Stylistic and historical development The formative period to c. The dating for prehistoric culture in China is still very uncertain, but this material is probably at least 7, or 8, years old. The art of the Neolithic Period represents a considerable advance. The Yangshao Painted Pottery culture, named after the first Neolithic site discovered in , had its centre around the eastern bend of the Huang He Yellow River , and it is now known to have extended across northern China and up into Gansu province.

Yangshao pottery consists chiefly of full-bodied funerary storage jars made by the coiling, or ring , method. They are decorated, generally on the upper half only, with a rich variety of geometric designs, whorls, volutes, and sawtooth patterns executed in black and red pigment with sweeping, rhythmic brushwork that foreshadows the free brush painting of historical periods.

Feb 09,  · Dating Old Kitchen Enamelware Pots By Color Retro Kitchen Pot s Come In A Variety of Colors: From Pastels to Harvest Colors This photo of sauce pots that I spotted at The Seymour Antiques Company, Seymour, CT offers me an opportunity to talk about using color to deter mine the age of kitchen-wares.

Eye of the Day has been fortunate to locate and bring back these European vintage and antique terracotta pots. These one-of-a-kind vintage terra cotta pots make beautiful statement pieces for the home and garden. French Biots are a classic shape of antique French pottery. The community of Biot, located in southeastern France, has been producing its iconic namesake pottery since the 16th century.

Primarily used to preserve olives and olive oil, these graceful jars are hand crafted using the ancient technique of rope thrown pottery. These vintage terra cotta pots are a romantic and elegant addition to any garden. Our large collection of antique Spanish oil jars and honey jars with signature glazed drippings, metal staples, and brush strokes are common features on these vintage terracotta pots.

Sourced throughout Spain, each piece is unique in patina and detail. Antique Italian Pottery Vintage terracotta classics from Italy. With various production dates, some dating back to the s, these handcrafted terra cotta pots have aged beautifully.

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It can be difficult dating antique chimney pots as there’s little information available on them. According to Gordon Bock in the Old House Journal “students and restorers of these fanciful features will be hard pressed to find a wealth of historical background about them. Identify the shape and design of your antique chimney pot. The design of early English pots were as important as their function — to increase the draft up the chimney, drawing soot, fumes and smoke out of the house.

Once across the Atlantic chimney pots were adopted as an essential style element of many American homes.

Dec 21,  · Chemical analyses of ancient organics absorbed into pottery jars from the early Neolithic village of Jiahu in Henan province in China have revealed that a mixed fermented beverage of rice, honey, and fruit (hawthorn fruit and/or grape) was being produced as early as the seventh millennium before Christ (B.C.).

How did Libby test his method and find out if it worked correctly? Libby tested the new radiocarbon method on carbon samples from prehistoric Egypt whose age was known. A sample of acacia wood from the tomb of the pharoah Zoser was dated for example. Zoser lived during the 3rd Dynasty in Egypt BC. The results they obtained indicated this was the case.

Many other radiocarbon dates were conducted on samples of wood of known age. Again, the results were good. In , Libby and his team published their results. By the early s there were 8 new radiocarbon laboratories, and by the end of the decade more than How much sample material do you need to date using radiocarbon? A new way of radiocarbon dating was developed in the late s called “AMS Radiocarbon dating“.

Vintage & Antique Pottery

Cast iron cookware Cast iron cookware is slow to heat, but once at temperature provides even heating. Cast iron can also withstand very high temperatures, making cast iron pans ideal for searing. Being a reactive material, cast iron can have chemical reactions with high acid foods such as wine or tomatoes. In addition, some foods such as spinach cooked on bare cast iron will turn black. Cast iron is a porous material that rusts easily.

As a result, it typically requires seasoning before use.

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D Medium teapot of reasonable good quality. The overall appearance and color is nice. There is a little side clearance in the lid and a short, now mended, hairline near the handle. The tip of the spout is restored. An unusual potters mark in the bottom is deep and clear. The teapot will be delivered with a Certificate of Authenticity Size: Most of this work is concentrated to the South China Sea, a virtual highway for ancient shipping linking China to India, the Middle East and Southeast Asia in an extensive maritime trade system.

This ancient trade started sometime around the 4th century and lasted well into the 19th century. Following a successful shipwreck discovery, the company obtain a government permit to excavate the wreckage, and then carry out detailed marine archaeological procedures in recovering the artifacts, mapping the ship’s remains and securing other data for future research. After each concluded project and following conservation of recovered artifacts, we search for and pinpoint ruined kiln sites and compare its wasters with the recovered ceramics until we are satisfied we located the place in which the shipwreck pottery was made centuries earlier.

As such we have precisely located a kiln sites in Sisatchanalai, northern Thailand in which our Royal Nanhai and the Nanyang shipwreck celadon ware was made around AD. These unique underglaze decorated wares was made at those exact kilns years earlier!

A Brief History Of The Crock Pot, The Original Slow Cooker

Impressed, moulded or incised marks on stoneware and terracotta products, c. Impressed or printed marks on plain brown- and cream-glazed stoneware c. Also found impressed on some of the earliest Doulton Ware with simple incised decoration After the word ‘England’ was added. There are several minor variations of this impressed or printed mark, used on plain brown-and cream-glazed stoneware c.

In the Chesapeake, tin-glazed earthenware fragments are recovered from archaeological sites dating from the first years of European settlement through the third quarter of the 18th century, when tin-glazed tablewares began to be eclipsed by more durable refined earthenwares.

It was made in in Clinton, Illinois, and is still perfect. This pan is one year older than my son, and now I am telling my age! But considering this age, I have learned the importance of fresh vegetables, so gardening is becoming one of my favorite hobbies. When I manage to grow more than I can eat or share, preserving food is necessary. Some of it is easily frozen, but canning and dehydrating are important ways to preserve food, too. Here is where this Revere Ware Steamer comes in. It is a wonderful blanching machine!

Many vegetables should be blanched before freezing, or dehydrating. Seems like there is always an excess of squash each year, so this year, I bought a dehydrator for that purpose. Squash that is canned or frozen becomes mushy, and dehydration is supposed to do better.

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